Usingtestosteronesupplementsfor muscle growth andbodybuildingis quite common among bodybuilders and sports persons. Testosterone is basically a male sex hormone secreted by the testes. It comes in the group of compounds calledanabolic steroids. Apart from maintaining male characteristics it also helps stimulate protein synthesis and accounts for muscle growth. That is why sports persons and young brats willing for strong and prominent muscles prefer to use it. It is available in gel, patch and pill form. It is taken orally and recommended dose is 300 gm a day. Its dose also depends on the body weight. In other words dose may be low or high from person to person. Moderate to good muscle gain may be possible with this dose. It is said to be a potent hormone for muscle growth. But being asteroidit should not be taken for more than 6 to 8 weeks. It may hamper the body’s natural testosterone secretion.
Moreover a good diet program should be followed with the intake of testosterone supplements. National Institute of Health in America warns that researches have not proved its efficacy till date. Studies are also not conclusive about its safety. Doctors and professional do not prescribe it for those who are below 25. Teenagers are crazy about takinganabolic steroidsto gain muscle fast though they are medically not allowed to take it. Logic has it that they already have high level of hormone. So there is no need to take extra pills ofsteroidscausing high level of testosterone. Increase in the level of testosterone may develop prostrate cancer in the long run. It may increase irritability and develop acne on the face. But there are reports that athletes have shown improvements in their performance after taking anabolic steroids that raise their T level. Some of the mostpopular anabolic steroidspills are ZMA, Viraloid and Testosterone-1 It is really tempting to see the titillating advertisements of testosterone supplements everywhere. But it is better to enhance testosterone level through natural supplements.
A healthy lifestyle can always maintain good level of testosterone in the body. Good diet containing nutrients like proteins and vitamins helps maintain a good level of this hormone. In addition to it regular physical exercises under a trainer also helps secrete adequate amount of testosterone. Being a sensible man now you may be in a position to conclude about the ways and means for your bodybuilding program.
Training to increase muscle massrequires commitment, discipline, and consistency. To get the sculpted and muscular look, you need to adhere to three basic principles: a nutrition program that includes sufficient protein intake for building muscles and maintaining low body fat, a training program that complements your nutrition program and includes weight training and aerobic exercise to maintain low body fat and enhance muscles, and finally, a muscle building program that targets the major muscles and sculpts and defines the required body parts. Below are some tips for weight training to build muscle mass.
Volume and Intensity
It is best to start with a training program that is high in volume and medium in intensity. ‘Volume’ is the quantity of sets and repetitions that you have to do while ‘intensity’ is the actual weight that you will have to lift. For best results,you should perform 10 to 15 lifts per set, with only less than a minute break between weight training exercise sets. When you exercise more intensely, you will feel a burning sensation in your muscles, which is actually the production of lactic acid, known to stimulate muscle growth. Some speculate that lactic acid increases growth hormone production.
For every exercise set that you do, push it to the limits that your body can achieve before it experiences fatigue from too much repetition so that you can decrease it gradually. For example, in a three-set exercise, you can start by lifting a heavy weight, doing a maximum of 15 repetitions in the first set, reducing it to 13 repetitions in the second set, and finally finishing off at 11 lifts on the third set. This weight training guide will prevent over fatigue of your muscles.
Condition and Strength
In weight training, there is what is called the “Big Three,” which includes the squat, the bench press, and the deadlift. Utilize these three in your weight training exercises because they build strength and muscle mass, and they also condition your body to take on more intensity as you go along.
Ideally, you should train three times a week to build sufficient exercise volume and a muscle-building stimulus. For beginners, two sessions per week is a good start and they can increase the training sessions to three a week when they have conditioned their bodies and have built enough strength. Experienced weight trainers may want to increase more session, up to six sessions a week. Weight training for muscle massalso depends on the frequency of the weight training exercises.
If your goal is to build bigger muscles, focus on lifting weights; do not attempt to train for a marathon at the same time. While mixing cardio and weight training could make a good fitness combination, doing both things simultaneously in the extremes can be contradicting in terms of biochemistry and physiology, and will not give you maximum results for either one. In the end, your training for muscle mass could end up being futile. You should concentrate on one or the other.
Nutrition is essential if you want to pack in more muscle mass. The tricky part about building muscles is that you have to eat in excess when bulking up and then cut down your food intake when trimming the extra unwanted fat and maintaining a sculpted look. When dropping your food intake, it is best to cut down the refined carbohydrates and fat while maintaining your protein intake. A good rule of thumb is to eat well during the days that you exercise, especially before and after the exercise, and then significantly decrease your intake during the days that you do not exercise. However, make sure that you do not overeat on the days of your training for muscle mass. Choose healthy foods such as lean meat, vegetables and fruits. Fast food and junk food will just build unwanted and unsightly fat. Good muscle mass is only attained with good nutrition and of course weight training.
Why do we do it? What drives a woman to train rigorously, plan and prepare strict meals, take weight lifting supplementsreligiously, and strive to “be the best”? To be so misunderstood by the general public – to be looked at with awe by some and disdain by others? To be unable to wear a simple tank top and shorts in public without being gawked at?
It is somewhat different for male bodybuilders, although they take more than their share of the stares and criticism. It is simply more acceptable for men to be muscular than women. Once a man reaches huge preportions however, the acceptability changes just as it does for a woman.
So what makes us do it? Each of us arrived atfemale bodybuildingsomehow. For me, I was always athletic; in high school and college, I played almost every sport a girl from Long Island could play including interstate field hockey. But it wasn’t until I had a baby and tried to “regain my figure” that I started exercising with weights. I joined a gym and was instructed to follow a Nautilus circuit, which I did and I liked it. But I didn’t know what else to do so I hired a trainer. He was a competitive bodybuilder and was very motivating and apparently recognized some potential in me. He trained me, and we “pretended” like I was going to compete one day. He and his wife took me to bodybuilding contests and kept comparing me to the women on stage, telling me how I could easily compete against them and win. Before I knew it, I was in my first show! I loved it and from then on the drive to present my best physique ever has never stopped.
Many women start bodybuilding just to get into better shape and find themselves liking the improvements. I was fortunate to be encouraged by my trainer and friends. Many women, when they start to gain muscle, are discouraged to continue, even if they themselves are enjoying it. Why would anyone do this? First, women have been stereotyped for generations as having a certain look. Many men and many women feel that a woman should be soft and curvy and thin. Strangely enough, elite class athletes, like Olympians and other female athletes, are not thought to be “less feminine” because they are strong and competitive. But female bodybuilders are in a whole different class. I am very happy to have a supportive husband and family, in addition to a lot of fans who regularly encourage my efforts. But many women go through this without that support, and unfortunately, give up because they don’t fit in with society’s view of what they should look like. Men I know are not intimidated by me (at least I don’t think they are!) but let’s face it, some men could have a problem with a woman who has bigger biceps than they do! I am afraid this may be common. In my gym, the guys training near me are usually asking me advice or telling me I look good, not treating me like I am competing with them. But again, I believe many women are being treated this way, even in the gym where the playing field should be even. All of us are there to do the same thing, right?
I do not dress to draw attention to myself intentionally. However, most female bodybuilders, unless they wear baggy long sleeves and loose pants are going to be drawing attention no matter what they wear. I am 5’11” and weigh 200 lbs, and believe me when I tell you that I am not comfortable walking around the mall alone. I feel the stares and try not to pay attention to gawkers, but find it easier to do so when my 6’5” 270 lb husband is with me! So yes, I admit to wanting to be protected! What about the woman trying to go to the grocery store alone, or just go to her day job? We should be applauded for our dedication and our physiques being so muscular, not made to feel embarrassed about being in public!
Buying clothes for female bodybuilders is especially challenging. Isn’t it true when I say most of
us live in Spandex? I can’t even find clothes in Sports Authority – no offense to the company but let’s face it – who is catering to us as a market? And by the way, where are all the supplement companies begging female bodybuilders to represent their products? And why is it that many NPC local shows often no longer even offer female bodybuildingin their bodybuilding contests? What is going on here?
I was recently asked how a woman should train to become a bodybuilder, and I had to quote Arnold who quite succintly noted that muscles are muscles and they respond to the same stimulus to grow whether you are male or female. You have to give the muscle a reason to grow, and that would be by lifting heavy weights. And you have to eat. You have to eat a lot. And you have to work hard, just like male bodybuilders do. We are no different in this regard.
What is a problem is the stigma associated with being a muscular woman. Many people as I have said are extremely supportive and love what we do. They are excited by it and can’t get enough of it. But there are a lot who dislike the look (I’ve noticed inparticular the distasteful looks from fat, out of shape males and females!). Female bodybuilders are often thought of as being mean and able to “kick someone’s ass”. While we may in fact be strong, what is it about musculature that makes someone think we are mean? And then there is the lesbian thing. This is not unique to bodybuilding; isn’t it true that almost all female athletes are thought to be gay? Whether we are or we aren’t doesn’t matter, it’s the prevailing thought that female athletes are that is disturbing. I don’t think this is as much an issue for our male counterparts, (I don’t think most male bodybuilders are automatically thought to be gay) but really, our sexuality should not be of such interest to the public. I think it is simply that they just don’t know what to make of us. So how should we deal with this?
Number one – do not give in to negativity surrounding our sport! Do what you do and be the best you can be! Encourage other women to get bigger and stronger and support their efforts. Go to local bodybuilding shows and be loudly supportive of all the athletes on stage, especially the women, who you already know need more encouragement . If you hear of a local show planning to exclude female bodybuilding, do whatever you can to keep it alive! There is as many know a move to make female bodybuilders smaller. The IFBB 20% size reduction is the most glaring of all such measures. Do not fall into any traps of trying to look like anything but a bodybuilder! If you want to be a figure, fitness or bikini competitor, then do what makes you happy. But if you are a bodybuilder, get big, be proud, work hard and grow and be what you are best at. Your actions will encourage others to do the same. Keep this sport alive and surround yourself with men and women who believe in you and are supportive of your goals.
At the end of the day, be true to yourself and listen to your own voice. Let it be the loudest of all you hear. Exude the confidence you possess and it will positively affect the thinking of those around you. Muscular women are sexy and feminine, and be proud of what you do and who you are.
You’ve heard of the “See-Food” diet haven’t you? No, that’s not the diet where you load up on weight loss diet of fish, lobster, crab and mussels. The See-Food Diet is the one that so many of us crack jokes about – it’s the diet where you eat everything in sight! But don’t laugh too hard.
Scientists at Cornell University and other research institutions have proven that you actually WILL eat more food if you see food more. In fact, if you can see it and it’s within arm’s reach, you could eat yourself obese within a few years and not even know what hit you because the eating happens unconsciously.
It should be common sense that when you’re constantly surrounded by food, you tend to eat more. Not great if you're trying to burn fat or lose weight.
But one thing that hasn’t been clear until recently was how seeing food (visibility) and having it within reach (proximity) could influence unconscious eating (and how it influences what I call “eating amnesia”).
Developmental psychologists tell us that the more effort or time you invest in a unique activity, the more likely you’ll be to remember it.
In other words, if you have to go out of your way to get food, you’ll remember eating it. If the food is right there within arms reach, you’ll munch away and more easily forget it.
For years, Dr. Brian Wansink of the Food and Brand Laboratory at Cornell University has been conducting fascinating experiments to find out what really makes you eat more food than you need.
Some of his previous studies revealed that taste, palatability, mood, stress, social context, role models (parental influence), visual cues, visibility and convenience can all influence how much you eat (Eating behavior is environmentally and psychologically influenced – appetite is not just biological).
To explore the influence of food proximity and visibility on eating behavior, Wansink set up an experiment using 40 female staff members from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champain. The subjects were not told it was a weight loss or calorie-related study. They were told that they would be given a free candy dish filled with chocolates (candy “kisses”) and they’d be contacted and surveyed about their candy preferences. They were also told not to share the candies, take them home or move the dish.
Participants were divided into four groups:
1.) Proximate and visible (can see and reach) 2.) Proximate and non-visible (can reach but not see) 3.) Less proximate and visible (can see but can’t reach) 4.) Less proximate and non visible (can’t see, and can’t reach)
During each day of the four week study, 30 chocolates were placed in 20 clear containers and 20
opaque containers and delivered to the 40 subjects. The containers were replenished every afternoon. They were kept in the same location for 4 straight business days and then rotated on the following week. Researchers kept a daily record of the number of chocolates eaten from each container and comparisons were made from the data collected.
At the end of each week, each subject was given a questionnaire which asked them how much they thought they had eaten over the entire week and asked them about their perceptions regarding the chocolates (such as “it was difficult to stop eating them,” “I thought of eating the chocolates often,” etc).
When the results were tabulated, here’s what Dr. Wansink and his research team discovered:
The visibility and proximity of the candy dish also influenced the subject’s perceptions. Regardless of whether participants could actually see the chocolates, if the candies were sitting on the desk (as opposed to being a mere 2 meters away), they were rated as more attention-attracting and difficult to resist. Candies in the clear containers were also rated as more difficult to resist and more attention attracting.
Most interesting of all, this study confirmed that when food is close by and visible, you’ll not only eat more, you’ll also be likely to forget that you ate them and therefore, underestimate how much you’ve eaten (I like to call that “eating amnesia.”)
Is a few extra candies a day really a big deal?
If it becomes habitual it sure is! Over a year, the difference between the candy dish placement would mean 125 calories per day which adds up to 12 extra pounds of body fat over a year.
When given the advice to keep junk food out of the house and office, I often hear complaints that it’s “impossible” to do because the rest of the family would have a fit, or simply not allow it. As for the office, one of the biggest excuses I’ve heard for diet failure is that the temptations are always there and it’s out of your control to change. Invariably someone else brings doughnuts or candy to the office.
Now you know what to do to reduce temptation and successfully stick with your program more effectively:
If you can’t keep it out of your office or house, keep it out of sight and out of arm’s reach. That alone is enough to reduce consumption.
At home, if your significant other or family is not willing to remove all offending foods from the premises, then get their agreement that their food is not to remain in plain sight – it goes in the back of a refrigerator drawer and not on the shelf at eye level, or if non-perishable, it goes inside a cupboard that is exclusively the domain of the other person.
At work, tell your office pals to keep the candy, doughnuts and other temptations off your desk, at a distance and out of sight. If they put any unhealthy snacks on your desk, promptly remove them! Try to add more protein and healthy snacks to your daily diet.
Environmental cues can trigger you to eat impulsively. If you can see it and reach it, you’ll eat more of it, and you’ll forget how much you ate. So get the junk out of your home and office now and if you can’t, then get it out of your sight. If you can’t do that, get it out of arms reach.
You know that creatine is among the most valuable supplements to the hard-working bodybuilder, but what you don’t know is just how it works. Let us explain…
(1) The creatine pulls water from the extracellular space into the interior of the muscle cell, causing it to swell like a water balloon. This is the reason you can gain upward of 10 pounds of lean weight in as little as a couple of weeks by taking creatine.
(2) The increase in water content of the muscle cell puts a large strain on the muscle cell membrane.
(3) This strain sends a message to the nuclei of the muscle cell, which then sends out a signal via mRNA to increase muscle protein synthesis, triggering it to build more muscle protein and grow larger for the long haul.
The Creatine Secret Revealed
Creatine Monohydrate is a compound that occurs naturally in the body. Its job is to help your muscles release its stored energy. It is also found in red meat, poultry, fish, and other protein-rich foods. You can also get it over the counter at pharmacies in the form of powder or capsule.
It works by increasing the body’s amount of muscular energy that is stored in our muscle cells in a molecule called Adenosine TriPhosphate, commonly referred to as ATP.
If money makes the world go round, then by analogy, ATP makes the body go round. Each time we exert effort and require our muscles to produce energy, we pay the muscle cells with Adenosine TriPhosphate. The more strenuous the movement, the more ATP we pay for it.
Every athlete knows that physical strength and might spells the difference between losing and winning. Hence, together with determination, inspiration and will power, athletes need to pack in a good amount of energy reserves before going into the battlefield. However, our body can carry only so much ATP, anything beyond the threshold is excreted out. Hence, after a few minutes of highly strenuous activity, our muscle cells exhaust its muscle reserves and we get tired and slow down.
And that is when athletes turn to creatine. Taking a regular dose of supplement during practice and exercise is like opening a power credit line. Each time you run out of ATP, creatine replenishes the muscle cell’s reserves. It delays fatigue and boosts your energy.
Translated into real time athletic activity, Creatine gives you an emergency account of Adenosine TriPhosphate reserves. This is especially true in sports that call for immediate and sudden burst of energy like lifting weights, jumping and sprinting. The element shots up the ATP reserves thereby giving the athlete a surge of power to dash through to the finish line.
However, like any financial institution that goes unchecked, it could turn into a loan shark. Therefore, care and caution is required before plunging into the creatine habit. Reported side effects include stomach and muscle cramps, diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea.
How To Take Creatine for Maximum Effect
Ask questions about how to take creatine and you are likely to get a wide variety of answers. Weight lifter “A” believes this is true and weight lifter “B” believes that is true. And just as you are beginning to get confused, weight lifter “C” walks up and he swears by something else. As is generally true of weigh lifters, each one is completely convinced that their way is the way to obtain maximum creatine effect and is quite perturbed that no one has yet written it in stone.
There are many factors that go into finding the supplementation plan that produces the best results for you. The type you take, the way you take it, when you take it, the creatine dosage you use as well as your body’s unique characteristics will all play major roles.
One thing is for sure, creatine is not a muscle building supplement that you can just take any old way and expect to achieve maximum results. By learning how to take creatine effectively you can greatly enhance your results.
ScienceDaily – Although the whole population can benefit from a physically active lifestyle, in part through reduced obesity risk, a new study shows that individuals with a genetic predisposition to obesity can benefit even more. The research, carried out by Dr. Ruth Loos from the Medical Research Council Epidemiology Unit in Cambridge, United Kingdom, and colleagues, published in PLoS Medicine suggests that the genetic predisposition to obesity can be reduced by an average of 40% through increased physical activity.
The authors used a cohort study of 20,430 people living in Norwich, UK and examined 12 different genetic variants which are known to increase the risk of obesity. The researchers tested how many of these variants each study participants had inherited from either parent. They then assessed the overall genetic susceptibility to obesity by summing the number of variants inherited into a ‘genetic predisposition score’.
Most individuals inherited between 10 and 13 variants, but some had inherited more than 17 variants, while others fewer than 6. In addition the researchers assessed occupational and leisure-time physical activities in each individual by using a validated self-administered questionnaire. The researchers then used modeling techniques to examine whether a higher ‘genetic predisposition score’ was associated with a higher body mass index (BMI)/obesity risk and, most importantly, they also tested whether a physically active lifestyle could attenuate the genetic influence on BMI and obesity risk.The researchers found that each additional genetic variant in the score was associated with an increase in BMI equivalent to 445g in body weight for a person 1.70 m tall and that the size of this effect was greater in inactive people than in active people. In individuals who had a physically active lifestyle, this increase was only 379 g/variant, or 36% lower than in physically inactive individuals in whom the increase was 592 g/variant. Furthermore, in the total sample each additional obesity-susceptibility variant increased the odds of obesity by 1.1-fold. However, the increased odds per variant for obesity risk were 40% lower in physically active individuals (1.095 odds/variant) compared to physically inactive individuals (1.16 odds/variant).
These findings challenge deterministic views of the genetic predisposition to obesity that are often held by the public, as they suggest that even people at greater genetic risk of obesity can benefit from adopting a healthy lifestyle.
The authors say: “Our findings further emphasize the importance of physical activity in the prevention of obesity.” Adding cardio or weight lifting is a great idea. Also adding muscle building supplements and fat burning supplements help get your body in tip top shape.
The European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC)-Norfolk Study is funded by Cancer Research UK, the Medical Research Council, the British Heart Foundation, the Food Standards Agency, the Department of Health, and the Academy of Medical Sciences. SL is supported by a studentship from Unilever Corporate Research, UK.
Do you have motivation techniques to help you succeed with your weight training routines? What do you want to accomplish? What goals do you have in mind?
These are things you must ask yourself. You need a goal, you need a plan, you need a destination. Maybe you want rock hard abs, big muscles, lose weight, or even be a fitness model. Regardless you have to want to be there. However without motivation you will probably fail. You must be extremely self motivated to be successful.
Almost all of these tips are MENTAL related.. Remember your mind controls your body…This is the mindset you want to be in…that is what you must keep IN MIND. Adding muscle building supplements helps reach your bodybuilding goals. Safely and quick. Bodybuilding supplements give you the extra push you need to push yourself to the limit!
1. Its all a game so lets win baby!
Think of this and life in general as a game. Now the goal of any game is to win, but winning can mean more then just beating someone else. To win in this game is just to do it…day after day. Be on top of “the game” If you workout little by little before you know it you’ll be a beast.
Now mind you, you have to perform the proper techniques, follow good nutrition, get enough sleep, and don’t over train but it will come. But as they say with the lottery “You have to play to win”.
2. Understand the learning process
This applies to life in general. Understand the learning process. You must understand that you can’t go from 0 – 100 overnight. Take baby steps…you will learn, your body will learn, and you will get results.
This applies to everything especially weight training. Its usually those first 2-4 weeks that are the toughest because you’re learning a new habit, your body is learning the movements…but once you’ve learned it you’ve got it!
3. Be Positive…Always
Always, always, always be and remain positive. EVERY person who is successful believes they can do it. You must believe in yourself and not just rely on the belief of others…not your mom, not your dad, not your friends, not your girlfriend/wife, not even your kids…YOU MUST.
If you make a mistake, its okay your learning (see number 2), its you miss today just try tomorrow and you’ll be back in the game (see number 1).
4. Visualize yourself as you want to be
Now don’t lose me here. There’s been countless studies where group A visualizes themselves performing a sports act without physically doing anything. Group B performs the sports act and group C visualizes and performs the act. After a number of weeks group A has gains…as if they were performing the act, group B is better from actually performing the act, and group C achieves the best results.
What does that tell me? Your mind gains benefit from just thinking about what you’re doing. This applies to anything…When your not lifting, visualize your workout routine. If your consistent you’ll have better workouts. Apply step 3 to visualization.
There’s something that happens with humans when they write something down. It comes to life…to fruition. I know I’ve written down ideas and goals and have fallen back to them as I was going through rough times. This helps you “remember” who you are and who you want to be.
These 5 motivation techniques apply not only to sticking with your weight training routines but also to life. So whether you want the rock hard abs, big muscles, lose weight, or even be a fitness model rely on these steps when your in the middle of the storm. When you get out…you’ll be both physically and mentally stronger.
Anabolic steroids have found their way into the medical and pharmaceutical industry way back in the 1930’s. There have now been many established forms, uses, as well as benefits of using this drug, which is structured similarly as the male reproductive hormone testosterone. Because of the growing need for new drugs, medical treatments, performance enhancers, and methods of keeping the body sexier and healthier, the question now is, are steroids legal?
Actually, fitness experts and world-class body builders are not entirely banning the use of anabolic steroids as part of a routine. The important thing that they want to impart to their clients and trainees is that there is a right and controlled way to use anabolic steroids for performance enhancement and muscle building.How do steroids assist a person who has goals of becoming buffed and well-toned? Some of the benefits offered by anabolic steroids include increased energy or strength, as well as the facilitation of rapid growth of muscle cells. So whenever someone couplessteroidswith the proper diet and exercise on a regular basis, one can be sure of getting maximum benefits in body building.
Steroid usage becomes illegal and at the same time highly unhealthy when one misuses or abuses the drug. For one thing, steroids are to be used in regulated amounts, such as in a cycle to lessen the possible side effects they can have. Furthermore, if one is participating as a professional athlete in a pro sports league, anabolic steroids are a big no-no, and are banned in venues like the NBA, NHL, NFL, and the Olympics. There have already been news reports on athletes who have been banned from playing because of steroids.
Now, if you are thinking about starting a cycle on anabolic steroids, the question of “are steroids legal” should not be the only thing you have to consider. You must also remember that you are administering a synthetic substance into your bloodstream. You should have enough information on its usage, side effects, and benefits, and always consult with your doctor and trainer before making any drastic changes with your health routine.
Testosteronetherapy has long been a remedy for men who are looking to improve their health and maintain hormonal balance, but testosterone therapy is also possible-and sometimes necessary-for women as well. Here are some reasons why women may need to undergo various forms of testosterone therapy, as well as some questions and concerns you should bring to your doctor when it comes to finding the right type of testosterone therapy for you. Since the goal of testosterone therapy is to help the body maintain its normal functions, and to restore balance within the body, especially when the body is undergoing significant changes, such as puberty or even menopause. During menopause, women may lose significant amounts of testosterone and estrogen, and this imbalance is part of what causes fatigue, night sweats, or hot flashes. Testosterone therapy can also help women to increase sex drive (libido can be lost during or shortly after menopause). Sometimes, doctors will even use testosterone therapy to treat osteoporosis in women.
On average, about one in seven women undergoes testosterone therapy to increase bone mass, and reported feeling better after the therapy. Since the condition is more common in women, and testosterone naturally increases bone mass, the hormone can help women to increase bone strength, and calcium can be absorbed in the body naturally. Testosterone therapy can also be used to treat women who have had cancer, or are undergoing treatments to remove cancer. This is especially true for women with breast cancer; when tumors are found in the breast, testosterone can help to remove the hormones and cells that are poisonous to the body.
Testosterone therapy may be best for you if you have recently been diagnosed with osteoporosis, are undergoing cancer treatment, or are experiencing symptoms of menopause. Your doctor will be able to tell you which types of therapy are best for you, and you may have to take small dosages of the hormone for a while so that your doctor can monitor your progress. You can also incorporate things such as a healthy diet or more exercise to increase the effectiveness of testosterone therapy-this way, you will see results quicker and you can continue consulting your doctor for more advanced treatment options.
To excel in athletic competition is an admirable goal. Most high school, college, amateur and professional athletes participate in sports for the opportunity to pit their abilities against those of their peers, and to experience the satisfaction that comes from playing to their potential.
Others do so to satisfy a desire for recognition and fame. Unfortunately, this latter group includes some athletes who are determined to win at any cost. And, they may use that determination to justify the use of steroids, despite evidence that these drugs can inflict irreversible physical harm and have significant side effects.Athletes use steroids in believing that steroids can improve competitiveness and performance, uninformed or misguided athletes, sometimes encouraged by coaches or parents, use these drugs to build lean muscle mass, promote aggressiveness, and increase body weight. Some athletes frequently take two or more steroids together, mixing oral and/or inject able types, and sometimes adding other drugs, such as stimulants or painkillers. This is called “stacking.” The athlete believes that different drugs will produce greater muscle size than by using just one drug. What they don’t know, or choose to ignore, is the damage steroids can cause.
Steroids were first developed in the 1930’s. The Germans first experimented on dogs then on their own soldiers in the Second World War, as well as used them on their prisoners to help them stay healthy because they suffered from significant malnutrition. Then in the 1950’s many Russian and European athletes began to find that steroids were very beneficial to their goals and soon after began dominating the sport of power lifting, crushing previous world records (Charlie Francis).
Steroids in baseball
The question of steroiduse in baseball has been an ongoing issue for Major League Baseball since the mid 1990s and into the 21st century. Steroids are performance-enhancing drugs which have been banned from baseball. While rumors of drug use by players have persisted for years, the controversy over steroids has grown considerably due to the drastic rise in home runs since 1995. During this time Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, and Barry Bonds have all surpassed the home run record set by Roger Maris – whose 61 homers in 1961 had not been challenged in over 30 years.
In a 2002 interview with ESPN’s Dan Patrick, baseball author and commentator Bob Costas referred to 1994-present as the “Steroids Era”, noting that while there had been only eighteen 50+ home run seasons in Major League Baseball to that point, there have been nineteen since the 1995 season. While there are many theories to explain the dramatic increase in home runs, including the “juiced ball” theory, the replacement of many pitcher-friendly or neutral parks with more hitter-friendly venues, and dilution of the pitching ranks via expansion — drug use, especially steroids, is most commonly named as a primary reason (Dan Patrick , 2002)
On February 17, 2003, Baltimore Orioles pitching prospect Steve Bechler collapsed and died on the practice field at spring training of heat stroke. The medical examiner ruled that the over-the-counter drug Ephedra played a significant role in Bechler’s death. One week later, Bud Selig banned all players with minor league contracts from using Ephedra. Major League players were not held to the same rules. Former player Ken Caminiti, the 1996 National League MVP, detailed the health consequences he suffered as a result of his steroid use, telling Sports Illustrated that “his testicles shrank and retracted; doctors found his body had virtually stopped producing its own testosterone and that his level of the hormone had fallen to 20% of normal.” Caminiti would later die as a direct result of substance abuse (SF Chronicle, 2005).
Steroids in Football
Steroid policy in football and the NFL as we know it began in 1987. But to understand the use of steroids in football, first we need to take a look at the emerging trends in the high school and collegiate ranks. So what´s going on in high school? Well, if we look at an examination of the heights and weights of members of the annual Parade Magazine´s High School All-American Football Teams from 1963-1971, we see no significant changes in the Body Mass Index of these elite high-school athletes. Now, if we take another look and examine those same players´ heights and weights but this time we compare 1972-1989, we see a clear trend towards an increased pattern in Body Mass Index. These are interesting results, to say the least. If we take a look at an elite collegiate program such as Michigan State University, we see this trend again. In 1975, their average player weighed 213lbs, and by 2005 that weight had jumped to 236lbs (Bill Romanowski, 2005).
With regards to football, it would seem that current educational efforts are not working well, either. At the high school level education about steroids was studied on six different. Two football teams received a lecture on steroids and a four-page handout, two of them were given just the handout, and two teams were controls (and didn’t receive any education on steroids). Also, at this level of football, the incidence of self-report of current steroid use was 1.1%. After the education was given to the athletes, focusing of the adverse effects possible with anabolic steroid use, no differences in their attitudes toward the use of anabolic steroids occurred as compared to controls, at all. So that’s the starting point we have to look at anabolic use in professional football. Education, in its current form isn’t changing the attitudes of high-school players, and at the elite level of high-school and college, the players are getting significantly bigger. So what does the landscape of professional football look like? In a story that is very similar to its roots in high school and collegiate football, NFL linemen are weighing well over 300lbs on average today. Roughly 25 years ago, they weighed over fifty pounds less, on average.
The nonmedical use of anabolic/androgenic steroids among adolescents and young adults is of growing concern. Teenagers under age 18 may be abusing these drugs to improve athletic performance, appearance and self-image. Anabolic steroids can halt growth prematurely in adolescents. Because even small doses can irreversibly affect growth, steroids are rarely prescribed for children and young adults, and only for the severely ill. Data gathered by researchers and doctors showed interpretive evidence that preteens and teens taking steroids may be at risk for developing a dependence on these drugs and on other substances as well.
Evidence that mega doses of steroids can affect the brain and produce mental changes in users poses serious questions about possible addiction to the drugs. While investigations continue, researchers have found that long-term steroids users do experience many of the characteristics of classic addiction: cravings, difficulty in ceasing steroids use and withdrawal symptoms. Adolescent users display a primary characteristic of addicts-denial. They tend to overlook or simply ignore the physical dangers and moral implications of taking illegal substances. Some athletes who “bulk up” on anabolic steroids are unaware of body changes that are obvious to others, experiencing what is sometimes called reverse anorexia.
Steroid users can spend lots of time and money trying to get the drugs. And once users stop taking steroids, they’re at risk of developing irritability, paranoia, and severe depression, which may lead to suicidal thoughts or attempted suicide. Some of the long-term effects of steroids may not show up for many years. People who use steroids also appear to be at higher risk for using other drugs, such as alcohol or cocaine.
Treatment programs for steroids abusers are just now being developed as more is learned about the habit. Medical specialists do find persuasion is an important weapon in getting the user off the drug. They attempt to present medical evidence of the damage anabolic steroids can do to the body. One specialist notes that medical tests, such as those that show a lowered sperm count, can motivate male athletes to cease usage.
One health clinic considers the anabolic steroids habit as an addiction and develops treatment around the techniques used in traditional substance abuse programs. It focuses on acute intervention and a long-term follow-up, introducing nonsteroids alternatives that will maintain body fitness as well as self-esteem.
Prevention is the best solution to stop the growing abuse of steroids. The time to educate youngsters is before they become users. Efforts must not stop there, however. Current users, as well as coaches, trainers, parents, and doctors need to know about the hazards of steroids. The young need to understand that they are not immortal and that the drugs can harm them. An education campaign must also address the problem of covert approval by some members of the medical and athletic communities that encourages steroids use.
The only things that work to discourage doping are testing and penalties. You can talk about personal responsibility until you’re blue in the face, but to stop steroid use, testing is necessary. Cocaine and steroids have ceased to be big problems in professional football because of testing. In most other professional sports, the inmates are running the asylum. There is no effective testing, and the penalties are pitiful. If Congress pushes this issue, and if professional sports and unions stop obstructing, and if some of the professionals get busted, we may get somewhere (Michael Dillingham).
So where does that leave us? Well certainly, the world of sports has embraced the use of steroids, or at least the athletes have… the use of steroids in sportsis certainly visible but not as widespread as thought. It is not the problem that it is often made out to be, and it is not a problem that is easily defined or to put a number on. Statistically, it is a very elusive topic, and sources often present conflicting data. But one thing remains true, regardless of statistics, Congressional hearings, or admissions of guilt. Although some athletes still compete for the love of the game, prestige often accompanies success. And today, just as two millennia ago, athletes often find the opportunity to compete for both prestige as well as money. And that is why they sought out performance enhancers in the ancient Olympic Games, and that’s why athletes are using steroids in sports today.